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Showing 3 results for Yazdani

Mehdi Yazdani, Hamed Pirpour,
Volume 8, Issue 30 (12-2017)

Due to the more dependence among countries and the raised demand for energy, the energy trade have increased during recent decades, while its major share is intra-industry trade (IIT). In this regard, countries are trying to exploit the diversity of a particular product, as well as the technology transfer and knowledge of technology which generated by IIT in this sector. According to the importance of role of IIT in the economies, this study will identify the determinants of IIT in the energy sector among Iran and its major trading partners using gravity model and Poisson pseudo-maximum-likelihood (PPML) method during 1997-2016. Based on the results, the effects of gross domestic product (GDP) per capita of Iran and the selected countries, the products’ diversification in the energy sector of Iran and its partners, access to the open sea for Iran's trading partners, and foreign direct investment (FDI) in the energy sector in Iran are significant and positive on IIT. However, the geographical distance, transportation costs, and trade imbalances among Iran and the selected countries have had the significant and negative effects on IIT
Dr Mohammad Noferesti, Dr Mehdi Yazdani, Nasim Babaei, Hasanali Ghanbarimaman,
Volume 12, Issue 43 (3-2021)

Banking system is one the important sectors of economy and as vital institution of money market, plays a very significant role. Also, due to the nature of the banking system performance, the activities of banks have a close relationship with the exchange rate changes. This paper tries to assess the effects of exchange rate variations on macroeconomic variables via the banking system using a macro-econometric model and approach of bounding ARDL during 1973-2017. The results indicated that an increase in the exchange rate through non-performance loans and long-term deposits will led to decreased credit providing by the banking system. On the other hand, an increase in the exchange rate through the net open position and banks’ capital account had a positive impact on banks’ credit provision. However, the negative impact of a change in the non-performance loans and long-term deposits is stronger than the positive impact of the net open position. In addition, the decreasing trend of providing credit by banking system had a negative effect on investment. Finally, an increase in the exchange rate causes a decrease in the long-term deposits and the money multiplier which has a negative effect on liquidity and price level. An increase in the exchange rate through the capacity utilitization rate had a negative impact on GDP. Also an increase in the exchange rate led to increased liquidity and price level.
Mr Mohammad Nikzad, Dr Mahdi Yazdani,
Volume 13, Issue 48 (9-2022)

The balance of payments shocks affects different economies and can lead to business cycles. Hence, the main purpose of the paper is to evaluate the effects of different balance of payments shocks, including the shocks of oil exports, non-oil exports, imports, net capital account, real exchange rate, real interest rate and consumer price index, on total output and creation of business cycles. Therefore, in this study it will be tried to evaluate the effect of balance of payments shocks, and their importance, on creation of fluctuations in total production in Iranian economy. For this purpose, the structural vector auto-regressive method has been used during the seasonal period of 2001:02-2021:04. The results based on impulse response functions show that the shocks real exchange rate, real interest rate and consumer price index have negative effect on output and lead to recession cycle in the economy. Also, the shocks of non-oil export, oil export, import and net capital account will be caused to boom cycle in the economy. Meanwhile, the exchange rate shock has had the most effect on output. Finally, the real exchange rate, oil export and real interest rate variables have had the most share in explanation of output variance, while the effect of import has been raised in the next.

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