دوره 13، شماره 26 - ( 10-1402 )                   جلد 13 شماره 26 صفحات 187-161 | برگشت به فهرست نسخه ها

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Arabnarmi B, Bandali E. Sport Hero(ine)’s Features And Barriers To Achieve Their Status From The Student’s Viewpoints. JRSM 2023; 13 (26) :161-187
URL: http://jrsm.khu.ac.ir/article-1-3137-fa.html
عرب نرمی بیتا، بندلی الهه. ویژگی‌ قهرمانان ورزشی و موانع دستیابی به جایگاه قهرمان از دیدگاه دانش‌آموزان. پژوهش در مدیریت ورزشی و رفتار حرکتی. 1402; 13 (26) :161-187

URL: http://jrsm.khu.ac.ir/article-1-3137-fa.html


1- استادیار مدیریت ورزشی، گروه علوم ورزشی، دانشکده ادبیات و علوم انسانی دانشگاه نیشابور، نیشابور، ایران ، b.arabnarmi@neyshabur.ac.ir
2- دانشجوی دکتری مدیریت ورزشی، دانشکده مدیریت و حسابداری، پردیس فارابی، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران
چکیده:   (2224 مشاهده)
هدف این پژوهش بررسی ویژگی‌های قهرمانان ورزشی و تحلیل موانع رسیدن به جایگاه قهرمان ورزشی از دیدگاه دانش‌آموزان است. 300 دانش‌آموز در مقطع دبیرستان و هنرستان از استان سمنان در این پژوهش شرکت کردند. ابزار پژوهش یک پرسشنامه باز- پاسخ، در دو بخش الف) ویژگی‌های ‌قهرمان ورزشی و ب) موانع رسیدن به جایگاه قهرمان بود. داده‌ها با روش‌ توصیفی‌ تحلیلی و سپس با بهره‌گیری از الگوی نظری وندایک (2004) در چارچوب تحلیل گفتمان انتقادی در سطح کلان و خرد تحلیل گردید. در توصیف ویژگی‌های قهرمان ورزشی، زنان به ویژگی‌های بدنی و مردان به ویژگی‌های رفتاری-‌اخلاقی بیشتر از سایر موارد اشاره کردند. فراوانی توصیف ویژگی­های بدنی، چهره و رفتاری-اخلاقی به‌طور معنی­داری بیشتر از سایر ویژگی­ها بود. موانع رسیدن به جایگاه قهرمان نیز در 6 طبقه تفکیک شد. بر اساس آزمون نسبت، موانع اقتصادی، اجتماعی-فرهنگی و موانع شخصی به‌طور معنی­داری بیشتر از سایر موانع، رسیدن به جایگاه قهرمان را دشوار می­کند. تحلیل‌ سطح کلان مربع وندایک نشان داد که «پررنگ کردن ویژگی‌های منفی غیرخودی» دارای بیش‌ترین بسامد است، بدین معنی که دانش‌آموزان سایر عوامل بیرونی و محیطی را به عنوان مانع برای رسیدن به جایگاه قهرمان بدیهی می‌انگارند. همچنین آن‌ها برای بیان موانع از راهبردهای خرد نظیر استدلال منطقی، قربانی شدن، تعمیم و واژه‌گزینی استفاده کرده‌‌اند. بر اساس یافته‌های پژوهش متغیرهای حاکم بر ذهن دانش‌آموزان و چگونگی بکار بستن آن در زبان، گویای شرایط نامناسب برای ایجاد یک الگوی قهرمانی در ورزش است.
متن کامل [PDF 1869 kb]   (153 دریافت)    
نوع مطالعه: پژوهشي | موضوع مقاله: مدیریت ورزشی
دریافت: 1401/10/17 | پذیرش: 1402/8/30 | انتشار الکترونیک پیش از انتشار نهایی: 1402/8/30 | انتشار: 1402/10/8

فهرست منابع
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33. Arab Narmi B, Goudarzi M, Sajjadi SN, Khabiri M. The Role of Television in Developing Championship; a Study Based on Ground Theory. Communication Research. 2016;22(84):33-53.
34. Shabkolayee AE, Mohammad Khani Molkooh M. The Role of TV in Popularization of Football in Iran. Communication Research. 2012;19(69):71-100.
35. Arabnarmi B, Goodarzi M, Sajjadi SN, Khabiri M. Analysis of Current State of Professional Sport in National TV. Sport Management Studies. 2018;10(47):17-38.
36. Azadarmaki T. Football, Paradox and Modernization. Journal of Social Science Letter. 2002;19(1):5-18.
37. Ghiamirad A, Moharramzadeh M. Evaluation of marketing strategies for development and promotion of sports. Harakat. 2009;39(5):175-92.
38. Mozaffari A, Elahi A, Abbasi S, Ahadpoor H, Rezaee Z. Strategies for development of Iran's championship sport system. Sport Management Studies. 2012;4(13):33-48.
39. Allen D. 'National Heroes': Sport and the Creation of Icons. Sport in History. 2013;33(4):584-94. [DOI:10.1080/17460263.2013.850782]
40. Arabnarmi B. TV and Public Sport Development: A Grounded Theory. 2017;8:17-38.
41. Aghagolzadeh F. Critical Discourse Analysis. 3th, editor. Tehran: Scientific and cultural publications; 2015.
42. Shuart J. Heroes in sport: assessing celebrity endorser effectiveness. International Journal of Sports Marketing and Sponsorship. 2007;8(2):11-25. [DOI:10.1108/IJSMS-08-02-2007-B004]
43. Basil MD. Identification as a mediator of celebrity effects. Journal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media. 1996;40(4):478-95. [DOI:10.1080/08838159609364370]
44. Wann D, Schinner J, Keenan B. Males' impressions of female fans and nonfans: There really is "something about Mary". North American Journal of Psychology. 2022:183-92.
45. jahromi sj, Taghiabadi M. Iranian microcelebrities in the Selfie Frame The semiotic study of microcelebrity in Instagram. Journal of Culture-Communication Studies. 2019;20(46):113-56.
46. Parry K. Search for the hero: An investigation into the sports heroes of British sports fans. Sport in Society. 2009;12. [DOI:10.1080/17430430802591001]
47. Chung H. Sport Star Vs Rock Star in Globalizing Popular Culture: Similarities, Difference and Paradox in Discussion of Celebrities. International Review for the Sociology of Sport. 2003;38(1):99-108. [DOI:10.1177/1012690203038001731]
48. Ingham AG, Howell JW, Swetman RD. Evaluating Sport "Hero/ines": Contents, Forms, and Social Relations. Quest. 1993;45(2):197-210. [DOI:10.1080/00336297.1993.10484084]
49. Lines G. Villains, fools or heroes? Sports stars as role models for young people. Leisure Studies. 2001;20(4):285-303. [DOI:10.1080/02614360110094661]
50. Kunkel T, Doyle J, Na S. Becoming more than an athlete: developing an athlete's personal brand using strategic philanthropy. European Sport Management Quarterly. 2022;22(3):358-78. [DOI:10.1080/16184742.2020.1791208]
51. Drucker S. The Mediated Sports Hero. In American Heroes in a Media Age. New Jersey: Hampton Press; 1997.
52. Richards JC. Longman dictionary of language teaching and applied linguistics: Third edition / Jack C. Richards and Richard Schmidt ; with Heidi Kendricks and Youngkyu Kim. London ; New York : Longman, 2002.; 2002.
53. Green M. Changing policy priorities for sport in England: the emergence of elite sport development as a key policy concern. Leisure Studies. 2004;23(4):365-85. [DOI:10.1080/0261436042000231646]
54. Green MJ. An analysis of elite sport policy change in three sports in Canada and the United Kingdom: Loughborough University.; 2003.
55. Sport. U. UK Sport Lottery Strategy 2002-2005. In: Sport U, editor. London2002.
56. Green C. Building Sport Programs to Optimize Athlete Recruitment, Retention, and Transition: Toward a Normative Theory of Sport Development. Journal of Sport Management. 2005;19:233-53. [DOI:10.1123/jsm.19.3.233]
57. Bosscher V, Shibli S, Weber A. Is prioritisation of funding in elite sport effective? An analysis of the investment strategies in 16 countries. European Sport Management Quarterly. 2018;19:1-23. [DOI:10.1080/16184742.2018.1505926]
58. Green M. Podium or participation? Analysing policy priorities under changing modes of sport governance in the United Kingdom. International Journal of Sport Policy and Politics. 2009;1(2):121-44. [DOI:10.1080/19406940902950697]
59. Maguire J. The social construction and impact of champions. Sport in Society. 2009;12(9):1250-64. [DOI:10.1080/17430430903137944]
60. Van Dijk TA. Ideology and Discourse: A multidisciplinary introduction. Barcelona: Pompeu Fabra University; 2004.
61. Firoozian A, Aghagolzadeh F. The Representation of Ideology in Translation of English Political Texts Regarding the Strategies of Style and Rhetoric: A Case of Critical Discourse Analysis. Journal of Linguistics & Khorasan Dialects. 2016;8(14):25-49.
62. Firoozian A, Aghagolzadeh F, Golfam A, KordZaaferanloo Kambuzia A. The role of syntactic strategies in the representation of Persian translator's ideologist in English socio-political texts: CDA approach. Journal of Linguistics & Khorasan Dialects. 2019;10(19):35-48.
63. Meân LJ, Halone KK. Sport, Language, and Culture: Issues and Intersections. Journal of Language and Social Psychology. 2010;29(3):253-60. [DOI:10.1177/0261927X10368830]
64. Mean J, L. Foreword in The Discourse of Sport, Analyses from Social Linguistic: Routledge; 2016.
65. Beard A. The Language of Sport. London: Routledge; 1998.
66. Eva L, Pisek G, Skinner A, Stadler W. The Linguistics of Football: Language in Performance Series 38: Tübingen: Nar Francke Attempto Verlag; 2008.
67. Schirato T. Sports Discourse. London: Bloomsbury; 2013. [DOI:10.5040/9781472542052]
68. Walsh J, Jureidini J. Language as a Key Resource for the Football Coach A Case Study of In-Game Coaching at One Australian Rules Club In The Discourse of Sport, Analyses from Social Linguistic: Routledge; 2016.
69. Doyle JP, Su Y, Kunkel T. Athlete branding via social media: examining the factors influencing consumer engagement on Instagram. European Sport Management Quarterly. 2022;22(4):506-26. [DOI:10.1080/16184742.2020.1806897]
70. Meier M. The value of female sporting role models. 2015;18(8):968-82. [DOI:10.1080/17430437.2014.997581]
71. Lyle J. Sporting Success, Role Models and Participation: A Policy Related Review. Research Report no101. sport Scotland, Edinburgh: Leeds Metropolitan University; 2009.
72. Meier M. The value of female sporting role models. Sport in Society. 2015;18(8):968-82. [DOI:10.1080/17430437.2014.997581]
73. Butterworth ML. Race in "The Race": Mark McGwire, Sammy Sosa, and Heroic Constructions of Whiteness. Critical Studies in Media Communication. 2007;24(3):228-44. [DOI:10.1080/07393180701520926]
74. Arab Narmi B, Goudarzi M, Sajjadi SN, Khabiri M. The Role of Television in Developing Championship; a Study Based on Ground Theory. Communication Research. 2016;22(84):33-53.
75. Shabkolayee AE, Mohammad Khani Molkooh M. The Role of TV in Popularization of Football in Iran. Communication Research. 2012;19(69):71-100.
76. Arabnarmi B, Goodarzi M, Sajjadi SN, Khabiri M. Analysis of Current State of Professional Sport in National TV. Sport Management Studies. 2018;10(47):17-38.
77. Azadarmaki T. Football, Paradox and Modernization. Journal of Social Science Letter. 2002;19(1):5-18.
78. Ghiamirad A, Moharramzadeh M. Evaluation of marketing strategies for development and promotion of sports. Harakat. 2009;39(5):175-92.
79. Mozaffari A, Elahi A, Abbasi S, Ahadpoor H, Rezaee Z. Strategies for development of Iran's championship sport system. Sport Management Studies. 2012;4(13):33-48.
80. Allen D. 'National Heroes': Sport and the Creation of Icons. Sport in History. 2013;33(4):584-94. [DOI:10.1080/17460263.2013.850782]
81. Arabnarmi B. TV and Public Sport Development: A Grounded Theory. 2017;8:17-38.
82. Aghagolzadeh F. Critical Discourse Analysis. 3th, editor. Tehran: Scientific and cultural publications; 2015.

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