[Home ] [Archive]   [ فارسی ]  
:: Main :: About :: Current Issue :: Archive :: Search :: Submit :: Contact ::
:: issue 20, Issue 1 (4-2017) ::
IJAL 2017, 20(1): 1-33 Back to browse issues page
An Investigation of Iranian EFL University Learners’ Creative Thinking and Critical Thinking Skills in a Pedagogical Blog: A Mixed-Methods Approach
Seyyed Mohammad Reza Adel , Akram Ramezanzadeh
Hakim Sabzevari University
Abstract:   (367 Views)
The present study explored the effect of a pedagogical blog on Iranian EFL learners’ creative and critical thinking skills using a mixed-methods approach. In the pedagogical blog, the researchers asked learners divergent and evaluative questions based on Lindley’s model (1993). The quantitative data were collected by administering Creativity Test Questionnaire (ATC) and the Persian version of the California Critical Thinking Skills Test and were analyzed using SPSS Version 16.0 software. The qualitative data consisted of the posts written by the participants of the study in the class blog and were analyzed using thematic analysis.  The findings revealed that the pedagogical blog significantly improved the participants’ creative and critical thinking skills, which were represented in their posts by the main themes of fluency, elaboration, and flexibility as components of divergent thinking and inference, evaluation, induction, and reconstruction as features of open and active critical thinking skills. Further findings and implications are discussed in the paper.
Keywords: Pedagogical blog, Creative thinking skills, Critical thinking skills, Mixed-methods approach
Full-Text [PDF 565 kb]   (137 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2016/10/12 | Accepted: 2017/02/2 | Published: 2017/02/21
References
1. Abedi, J. (1993). Creativity and new ways of measuring it. Journal of Psychological Research, 182(2), 13-15.
2. Adams, M. (2010). The practical primacy of questions in action learning. San Francisco: Palgrave Macmillan Publishers. [DOI:10.1057/9780230250741_7]
3. Althuizen, N., Wierenga, B., & Rossiter, J. (2010). The validity of two brief measure of creative ability. Creativity Research Journal, 22(1), 53-61. [DOI:10.1080/10400410903579577]
4. Asoodar, M., Atai, M. R., & Vaezi, S (2016). Blog-integrated writing with blog-buddies: EAP learners' writing performance. Journal of Educational Computing Research, 54(2), 225-252. [DOI:10.1177/0735633115615588]
5. Bai, H. (2009). Facilitating students' critical thinking in online discussion: An instructor's experience. Journal of Interactive Online Learning, 8(2), 156-164.
6. Behar-Horenstein, L. S., & Niu, L. (2011). Teaching critical thinking skills in higher education: A review of the literature. Journal of College Teaching and Learning, 8(2), 25-42. [DOI:10.19030/tlc.v8i2.3554]
7. Bhattacharya, A., & Chauhan, K. (2010). Augmenting learner autonomy through blogging. ELT Journal, 64(4), 376-384. [DOI:10.1093/elt/ccq002]
8. Blackstone, B., Spiri, J., & Naganuma, N. (2007). Blogs in English language teaching and learning: pedagogical uses and student responses. Reflection on English Language Teaching, 6(2), 1-20.
9. Braun, V., & Clarke, V. (2006). Using thematic analysis in psychology. Qualitative Research in Psychology, 3(2), 77-101. [DOI:10.1191/1478088706qp063oa]
10. Chuska, K. (1995). Improving classroom questions. Bloomington, IN: Phi Delta Kappa.
11. Creswell, J.W. (2003). Research design: qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods approaches (2nd edition). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
12. Cropley, A. (2006). In praise of convergent thinking. Creativity Research Journal, 18(3), 391-404. [DOI:10.1207/s15326934crj1803_13]
13. Deng, L., & Yuen, A. H. K. (2011). Towards a framework for educational affordances of blogs. Computers and Education 56(2), 441-451. [DOI:10.1016/j.compedu.2010.09.005]
14. Ducate, C. L., & Lomicka, L. L. (2008). Adventures in the blogosphere: from blog readers to blog writers. Computer Assisted Language Learning, 21(1), 9-28. [DOI:10.1080/09588220701865474]
15. Eftekhari, M., Sotoudehnama, E., & Marandi, S. S. (2016). Computer-aided argument mapping in an EFL setting: Does technology precede traditional paper and pencil approach in developing critical thinking? Educational Technology Research and Development, 64(2), 339-357. [DOI:10.1007/s11423-016-9431-z]
16. Erwin, T. D. (2000). The npec sourcebook on assessment, volume 1: definitions and assessment methods for critical thinking, problem solving, and writing. Harrisonburg, VA: Center for Assessment and Research Studies, James Madison University.
17. Facione, P.A. (1990). The California Critical Thinking Skills Test-College Level: Factors predictive of CT skills (Report No. 2). US: California Academic Press.
18. Hashemi, M. R., & Ghanizadeh, A. (2012). Critical discourse analysis and critical thinking: An experimental study in an EFL context. System, 40, 37-47. [DOI:10.1016/j.system.2012.01.009]
19. Kern, R., Ware, P., & Warschauer, M. (2017). Network-based language teaching. In N. V. Deusen-Scholl, & S. May (Ed.), Second and foreign language education (pp. 197-211), New York: Springer. [DOI:10.1007/978-3-319-02246-8_30]
20. Khalili, H., & Hossein Zadeh, M. (2003). Investigation of reliability, validity and normality of Persian version of the California Critical Thinking Skills Test; Form B (CCTST). Journal of Medical Education, 3(1), 29-32.
21. Khodamorady, K., Saidozakerin, M., Alavi Majd, H., Yaghmaei, F., & Shahabi, M. (2005). Translation and psychometric characteristics of California Critical Thinking Skill Test-Form B. Journal of the Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, 55, 12-19.
22. Kirton, M. J. (2003). Adaption-innovation: in the context of diversity and change. New York, NY: Routledge.
23. Lee, L. (2010). Fostering reflective writing and interactive exchange through blogging in an advanced language course. ReCALL, 22(2), 212-227. [DOI:10.1017/S095834401000008X]
24. Lindley, D. (1993). This rough magic. Westport, CN: Bergin & Garvey.
25. Loveless, A. (2007). Creativity, new technologies and learning: an update. Bristol: Futurelab.
26. McKim, C. A. (2017). The value of mixed methods research: A mixed methods study. Journal of Mixed Methods Research, 11(2), 202-222. [DOI:10.1177/1558689815607096]
27. McLoughlin, D., & Mynard, J. (2009). An analysis of higher order thinking in online discussions. Innovations in Educations and Teaching International, 46(2), 147-160. [DOI:10.1080/14703290902843778]
28. Melo-Pfeifer, S. (2015). Blogs and the development of plurilingual and intercultural competence: report of a co-actional approach in Portuguese foreign language classroom. Computer Assisted Language Learning, 28(3), 220-240. [DOI:10.1080/09588221.2013.818556]
29. Mishra, R. C. (2007). Teaching styles. New Delhi: APH Publishing Corporation.
30. Mulnix, J. W. (2010). Thinking critically about critical thinking. Educational Philosophy and Theory, 44(5), 464-479. [DOI:10.1111/j.1469-5812.2010.00673.x]
31. Peppler, K. A., & Solomou, M. (2011). Building creativity: collaborative learning and creativity in social media environment. On the Horizon, 19(1), 13-23. [DOI:10.1108/10748121111107672]
32. Perry-Smith, J. E., & Shalley, C. E. (2003). The social side of creativity: a static and dynamic social network perspective. The Academy of Management Review, 28(1), 89-106.
33. Roy, D. (2014). Website analysis as a tool for task-based language learning and higher-order thinking in an EFL context. Computer Assisted Language Learning, 27(5), 395-421. [DOI:10.1080/09588221.2012.751549]
34. Shakirova, D. M. (2007). Technology for the shaping of college students' and upper-grade students' critical thinking. Russian Education & Society, 49(9), 42-52. [DOI:10.2753/RES1060-9393490905]
35. Sim, J. W. S., & Hew, K. F. (2010). The use of weblogs in higher education settings: a review of empirical research. Educational Research Review, 5(2), 151-163. [DOI:10.1016/j.edurev.2010.01.001]
36. Sun, Y. (2009). Voice blog: an exploratory study of language learning. Language Learning and Technology, 13(2), 88-103.
37. Teddlie, C., & Yu, F. (2007). Mixed methods sampling: a typology with examples. Journal of Mixed Methods Research, 1(1), 77-100. [DOI:10.1177/2345678906292430]
38. Torrance, E.P. (1990). The Torrance test of creative thinking norms-technical manual figural (streamlined) forms A &B. Bensenville. IL: Scholastica Testing Service, Inc.
39. Vurdien, R. (2013). Enhancing writing skills through blogging in an advanced English as a foreign language class in Spain. Computer Assisted Language Learning, 26(2), 126-143. [DOI:10.1080/09588221.2011.639784]
40. Wang, S., & Vasquez, C. (2012). Web 2.0 and second language learning: what does the research tell us? CALICO Journal, 29(3), 412-430. [DOI:10.11139/cj.29.3.412-430]
41. Yakut, A. D., & Aydin, S. (2017). An experimental study on the effects of the use of blogs on EFL reading comprehension. Innovation in Language Learning and Teaching, 11(1), 1-16. [DOI:10.1080/17501229.2015.1006634]
Add your comments about this article
Your username or Email:

Write the security code in the box >



XML     Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Adel S M R, Ramezanzadeh A. An Investigation of Iranian EFL University Learners’ Creative Thinking and Critical Thinking Skills in a Pedagogical Blog: A Mixed-Methods Approach. IJAL. 2017; 20 (1) :1-33
URL: http://ijal.khu.ac.ir/article-1-2763-en.html


issue 20, Issue 1 (4-2017) Back to browse issues page
Iranian Journal of Applied Linguistics
Persian site map - English site map - Created in 0.156 seconds with 861 queries by yektaweb 3603